Enhancing Knowledge through Research

FM Global’s engineering recommendations, property loss prevention data sheets and product testing standards developed by FM Approvals are based on state-of-the-art scientific research conducted by our scientists and loss prevention researchers.

FM Global now is making its scientific research findings publicly available for download via a select number of technical research reports to continually help enhance the technical and risk management communities' awareness and knowledge of property-related risks and loss prevention solutions.

Research Technical Reports

» Numerical Modeling of Sprinkler Activations and Spray Transport Under sloped Ceilings
Numerical modeling was conducted to understand protection challenges associated with sloped ceilings in warehouses. The results quantify the effect of ceiling slope on sprinkler activation and water flux distribution as well as the effect of sprinkler installation orientation.

» Experimental Data for Model Validation of Smoke Transport in Data Centers
The research yielded the first comprehensive experimental data set for validating computational models of smoke transport in data centers. The findings quantify the dependency of smoke detection in data centers on several factors including: type of fire source and location, smoke-detector location, airflow pattern and air-exchange rates.

 View video: Experimental Data for Model Validation of Smoke Transport in Data Centers.

» Corrosion and Corrosion Mitigation in Fire Protection Systems
Research analyzes corrosion in fire protection systems (FPS), and recommends corrosion mitigation strategies. Recommendations include orienting pipe weld seam upward as well as methods to fill the dry pipe or preaction systems with an on-site nitrogen generator, vent trapped air in wet pipe systems, and improve water chemistry, along with potential applications of biocide and corrosion inhibitors.

» Flammability Characterization of Lithium-ion Batteries in Bulk Storage
The unique approach to commodity hazard assessment used in this study allowed for the development of sprinkler protection recommendations for warehouse storage of Lithium-ion batteries and devices containing Li-ion batteries.

 View videos: Fire Hazard of Lithium-ion Batteries in Warehouse Storage.

» Fire Protection Requirements of Empty IBCs
Findings from this study identify large orifice, quick response (QR) sprinklers as protection solutions for palletized and rack storage of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) with plastic, wood and metal pallets.

» Impact of an HVLS Fan on Sprinkler Performance in Rack Storage Fires
Results contained in this report indicate that automatic shut down of high volume low speed fans is required to maintain acceptable performance of ceiling level sprinkler protection for the suite of rack storage fires tested.

» Environmental Impact of Automatic Fire Sprinklers
Methodology and results contained in this report show that in all occupancies, from residential dwellings, to office buildings, to high hazard facilities, the lack of proper risk management and effective fire protection, e.g., automatic fire sprinklers, statistically increases carbon emissions over the lifecycle of the occupancy.

» The Influence of Risk Factors on Sustainable Development
Methodology and results contained in this report illustrate that life-cycle emissions associated with fire and natural hazards can be reduced to minimal levels through the use of automatic fire sprinkler systems and cost-effective, robust design and construction practices.